The maturity of the process is the capacity of an organization to institutionalize its processes. Measuring process maturity indicates the degree to which processes are integrated into the definition, execution, and work management. The maturity of the process reflects the dedication and consistency of a company in implementing certain principles. A greater degree of institutionalization of operations helps to sound practices that organizations can maintain through stress periods. In CMMC cybersecurity, an organization’s ability to avoid and respond to a cyber assault will increase with mature cybersecurity procedures.
The CMMC defines practices and processes to achieve compliance as well as improve an organization’s data security measures. A practice is defined as a specific technical activity or operations necessary and conducted to attain a certain cybersecurity maturity for a specific area. The maturity process is a particular activity that is necessary and carried out to reach a maturity level.
Five process maturity levels are defined in the CMMC. To increase its standards, a business has to apply the procedures at the desired certification level plus everything at a lower level. The CMMC consists of five processes: two at level two, one in each cycle, three and five. The following sections describe the procedures of each CMMC level.
Level 1 of CMMC Maturity – Executed
At maturity level 1, CMMC does not measure process maturity. Perhaps in an ad-hoc way, the company is only using the techniques of the CMMC.
Level 2 – Documented Maturity of CMMC
At maturity level 2, CMMC initiates process maturity measurement that needs a guiding policy that sets the objectives and importance of the practice field for the organization. The organization must also define and document the practices in this field.
A policy is a senior management declaration that sets out corporate expectations of the activity’s planning and performance and conveys the organization’s expectations. A policy shows that top management sponsors and controls domain operations, using established CMMC principles at minimum.
While an organization needs policy direction in each of the 17 fields of practice, 17 particular policies do not have to be followed. A single policy might incorporate guidelines for several fields of CMMC practice. It is the organization that is responsible for determining how its policies are structured and documented.
However, at a minimum, the policy should
• clearly identify the policy goal
• explicitly identify the policy’s scope: e.g., corporate, department-wide, or IT systems
• Describing the actions within this policy’s function and responsibilities: Domain activities responsibility, power and ownership
• design or direct the processes to implement and fulfill the policy intent, including any regulatory guidelines addressed by this policy
As stated in the policy, the company should document the actions required to accomplish the policy’s goal. For CMMC compliance, it is necessary to record the technical practices. Practice documentation allows a company to replicate and achieve desired results by carrying out the CMMC activities, forming the basis for continuous improvement.